STD Awareness Month: I don’t think this is what they meant by ‘everything old is new again’

This month, Melanie Deal, MS, FNP-BC, WHNP-BC writes how WHNPs can teach and treat their patients for STDs. Melanie has worked as a nurse practitioner for over 20 years.  She received her Master of Science in Nursing at the University of California in San Francisco.  Melanie currently practices at UC Berkeley Health Center and is clinical faculty for the California STD Prevention Training Center.  She is a regular presenter at Contemporary Forum’s Contraceptive Technology conferences. She has served on the Board of Directors for the National Association of Nurse Practitioners in Women’s Health (NPWH). 

April is STD awareness month. We as women’s health nurse practitioners have been front and center in the fight to keep our patient’s safe from these all too common infections.

We know that:

Chlamydia and gonorrhea rates have continued to rise. We must seek all opportunities to screen our female patients < 26 years old at least on an annual basis.

Antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea remains a major concern. In the U.S., we have one remaining class of drugs that will adequately treat this infection, cephalosporins.  Around the globe, countries are reporting cases of gonorrhea with decreased susceptibility and resistance to cephalosporins.  We must be vigilant for potential antibiotic-resistant cases and know how to treat them.

But one STD has made a significant comeback in the past decade: syphilis.

I think back to a conversation I had with my mother-in-law over dinner many years ago.  We were having one of our girls’ nights.  At the time, I was directing a CDC STD program, so it was not surprising that our conversation drifted to the topic of STDs.  Cocktail in hand, she leaned in and said, “So, tell me about the herpes”.  She wanted to hear about what was new with STDs because in “my day, we only knew about syphilis.”

At the time of this conversation, syphilis was a waning concern, especially in women’s health.  Syphilis rates in the country were so low, the CDC launched a program called The Syphilis Elimination Project” through which they hoped they could rid the U.S. of syphilis completely.

Here we are 20 years later, and syphilis is once again a growing threat.  Rates of syphilis have increased 67% between 2011 and 20151; and increased another almost 18% since 20152.  While the greatest surge has been among men who have male sexual partners, rates are also increasing among heterosexual men and women.  “Rates have increased in every region, in a majority of age groups, and across almost every race/ethnicity.”3 The U.S. is also seeing a concerning growth in cases of congenital syphilis, which should be absolutely preventable.

As women’s health nurse practitioners we must prepare ourselves to address this growing epidemic in a way we have not needed to in many years.

In response, the CDC has developed many clinician resources.

To put it simply the CDC challenges us to: Talk. Test. Treat.4

Talk.

Take a complete sexual history. We as women’s health nurse practitioners are familiar with taking sexual histories.  We must redouble our efforts especially with our prenatal patients.

Test.

Screen all prenatal patients at their first visit, and for higher risk patients, rescreen in 3rd trimester and at delivery.

Treat.

Know how to identify the stage of syphilis for your patients in order to provide the appropriate treatment regimen.

Neurosyphilis can occur at any stage.  Screen all syphilis patients for signs of neurosyphilis, including ocular and otic syphilis.

Hopefully, with our vigilance, we can once again make syphilis seem like an old time disease; one for the history books.

References:

  1. CDC Call to Action: Let’s Work Together to Stem the Tide of Rising Syphilis in the United States
  2. CDC: The State of STDs
  3. The rising tide of syphilis: Coming to a patient near you
  4. Test. Treat.

Additional resources

  1. Syphilis: Pocket Guide for Clinicians
  2. Sexual Health and Your Patients: A provider’s guide
  3. Asking Essential Sexual Health Questions
  4. CDC STD Treatment Guidelines

It’s Endometriosis Awareness Month!

In honor of Endometriosis Awareness Month, NPWH Board Member Caroline Hewitt, DNS, RN, WHNP-BC, ANP-BC, explores the current standards of diagnosis and treatment.

Endometriosis is not a new condition to those of us who provide women’s health care, but it is woefully misunderstood by the public. However, it is getting increasing attention from the media and TV and film stars like Lena Dunham and women’s rights activities. This newfound attention means that our patients are learning about this condition from sources as diverse as fashion magazines, blog posts, and everywhere in between.

Occasionally, as clinicians, we can be blind-sided by what our patients are reading and hearing amongst their peers, so it helps to have an idea of what is being said outside the nurse practitioner’s office.

So, in observance of Endometriosis Awareness Month, I would like to use this occasion to briefly review the current standards of diagnosis and treatment as published by ACOG, The American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM), The World Endometriosis Society (WES) as well as The Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Canada.

Overview

Endometriosis affects 6 to 10 percent of women of reproductive age, and it is present in approximately 38 percent of women with infertility and in up to 87 percent of women with chronic pelvic pain. It is thought to develop from attachment and implantation of endometrial glands and stroma on the peritoneum as a result of retrograde men­struation. Endometrial lesions result from overproduction of prostaglandins and estro­gen, which leads to chronic inflammation. (AAFP, January 1, 2011 ◆ _Volume 83, Number 1)

Diagnosis

According to ASRM, “Diagnosis should be viewed as chronic disease requiring a lifelong management plan with the goal of maximizing use of medical treatment and avoiding repeated surgical procedures” (2014). Diagnosing endometriosis can take up to 10 years. This delayed diagnosis is due to the vague presenting symptoms that frequently overlap with other gynecologic and gastroenterologic processes, as well as the fact that the surgical diagnosis comes with risks.

Imaging studies like MRI and ultrasound do not provide reliable diagnosis nor does a pelvic exam adequately indicate the volume of endometriosis. There is also no positive correlation between patient symptoms and extent of disease.

Treatment

The definitive diagnosis of endometriosis can only be made by histologic examination of the lesions that have been surgically removed. That being said, initial medical treatment with combined oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) (or progesterone only pills) is the recommended first line treatment, even before a definitive diagnosis is made. If there is no response to OCPs/POPs (typically evaluated after 3 to 4 months), it is recommended to proceed with a diagnostic laparoscopy before using medications with higher risk of adverse effects (danazol or GnRH agonists).

If chronic pain doesn’t respond to medical therapy, surgery is the next option. But even after expert removal of endometriosis, recurrence is common; rates can be as high a 55%. The desire to preserve fertility will direct the extent of surgery and type (fertility preserving laparoscopy vs hysterectomy/bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO).  Laparoscopic surgical procedures require specialized training.

Link to Cancers

Endometriosis is associated with some epithelial ovarian cancers (EOC). The risk of developing an EOC is 1% for the premenopausal women with endometriosis and up to 2.5% for the post-menopausal women. It is important to note that endometriosis is not considered a pre-malignant lesion, screening for EOC is not recommended in women with endometriosis and there is no suggestion that prophylactic removal of endometriosis lesions will reduce the risk of EOC.

In summary, endometriosis is a chronic disease that can be difficult to diagnose. The first line treatment, as recommended by all the major women’s health/reproductive health organizations, remains medical. Surgical intervention, like laparoscopy and excision presents with its own risks and also requires the provider to have had specialized training. Decisions regarding extent of surgical intervention should also take into account the childbearing desires of the patient.

It’s great that more women are learning about Endometriosis. This often misunderstood and very personal condition deserves our attention. As Nurse Practitioners, we need to be prepared to listen to our patients and partner with them to ensure their diagnosis, and management, is evidence-based and safe.

Your Heart is a Lady Part

 February is Heart Health month. NPWH Chair Elect and Policy Chair, Diana Drake DNP, APRN, WHNP-BC, and Clinical Associate Professor, shares an update on the state of women’s heart health and resources for clinicians.

Connecting Heart Health and Reproductive Health, a Missed Opportunity

For many practitioners working in ob-gyn practices, you may be the only health care provider a patient sees this year.  But according to a national survey, only 13 percent of women report talking about heart health during their annual ob-gyn visit

That’s a problem, because heart disease is a leading killer of women, taking 400,000 lives in 2016. Contrary to popular belief, women have a higher risk for heart disease than men, because of higher obesity rates, rates of strokes.

The biological changes during pregnancy can also increase heart disease risk. But even in the cases of women with pregnancy complications like preeclampsia and gestational diabetes, 60 percent didn’t discuss heart health with their ob-gyn after pregnancy.

Many providers say they have limited training in assessing women’s risk for heart disease.

It’s time to change.

If we are going to do more to address the major threat that heart disease poses to women, we in the clinical community need to think of the heart as a lady part. 

Our role as a women’s health nurse practitioners is to assess and address needs of the whole woman from head to heart to toe. And good news: 80 percent of cardiovascular diseases may be prevented with education and action.

We have a huge opportunity to do more to educate ourselves and our patients.

In other words, the more we ask, the more lives we save.

8 Ways Clinicians Can Improve Heart Health:

Here are some key ways we can do more to address heart health:

  1. Start Upstream, Prevention is Key

Recommend patients get Well Woman annual visits and follow cardiovascular prevention screening guidelines.

  1. Improve Patient Education and Teach Self-Advocacy

Encourage patients to take charge of their own health. The most important personal action for the patient is to know their numbers: blood pressure, cholesterol, blood sugar and body mass index. Taking action to correct them can be lifesaving.

  1. Recognize Social Stigmas that Prevent Patient Conversation

Social stigma about body weight can keep women from discussing it with their providers, but body weight can have a profound effect on the heart. It’s up to us to ask in a way that will encourage dialogue and get our patients thinking.

  1. Utilize Risk Assessments and Recognize Health Care Disparities

Be aware that young women and ethnic minorities are often assigned a lower cardiovascular risk assessment than is appropriate for their lifelong risk.

  1. Get More Training: Use NPWH Training & Tools in Cardiovascular Assessments

NPWH provides professional continuing education for NPs and other clinicians caring for women. There are over 50 continuing education activities in our online E-Learning portal and these include heart health topics to improve your practice.

Check out the NPWH Well Woman App that includes a Cardiovascular Assessment Tool.

  1. Know the Heart Attack Signs in Women

Symptoms of heart attacks can also present differently in women. The most common heart attack symptom for women is still chest pain or discomfort. But women are more likely to experience some of the other common symptoms, including the following:

  • Uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain in the center of the chest that either lasts more than a few minutes or goes away and comes back.
  • Pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach.
  • Shortness of breath with or without chest discomfort.
  • Other signs such as breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea or lightheadedness.
  1. Know the General Risk Factors for Heart Disease

High blood pressure, high LDL cholesterol, and smoking are key risk factors for heart disease. About half of Americans (49%) have at least one of these three risk factors. Several other medical conditions and lifestyle choices can also put people at a higher risk for heart disease, including:

  • Diabetes
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Poor diet
  • Physical inactivity
  • Excessive alcohol use
  1. Advocate for Better Clinical Trials & More Research
  • When it comes to developing a research base, only one-third of heart research subjects are women even though women make up 51 percent of the population. NPWH encourages representation of women in clinical trials to help increase data for accurate clinical decision making that is gender specific.

Our mission is to ensure high quality health care to women by women’s health nurse practitioners and other nurse practitioners who focus on women’s health. And we know that’s your mission, too. We hope you will take advantage of our online resources or join us at our conferences this year!  And we remind you: your patient’s heart is a lady part!

Here are a few more great heart health resources for clinicians and patients:

American Heart Association (AHA)

Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Women’s Heart Health

US Department of Health and Human Services, Womenshealth.gov

Managing hyperlipidemia

2017 hypertension Clinical Practice Guidelines Released

2017 New Stroke Prevention Guidelines (AHA)

Patient Education

Cervical Cancer Update

As Cervical Health Awareness month comes to a close, NPWH Director of Education, Susan Rawlins, MS, WHNP-BC, NP, shares an update on the state of Cervical Cancer and new resources for clinicians.

How prevalent is cervical cancer and what do we know about it now?

Cervical cancer remains a serious concern in the U.S. and around the world. While the death rate has decreased due to strides in preventing and diagnosing the disease, it is still the third most common cancer for women worldwide.[1] 13,000 cases of invasive cervical cancer were diagnosed in the US in 2017.[2]

We know that no one event causes cervical cancer. Some of the events or conditions known to increase the risk of cervical cancer are:

  • the HPV virus,
  • smoking tobacco,
  • having a family history of cervical cancer,
  • having had a chlamydia infection,
  • being overweight,
  • or having a diet low in fruits and vegetables.

We, as practitioners, take these and other risk factors into account when seeing patients and providing well women care.

How do we prevent and screen for cervical cancer?

The HPV vaccine is a critical first line defense against cervical cancer. Since 2006, when the FDA approved the first HPV vaccine, we have been recommending it for girls starting at age 11 or 12. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices expanded that recommendation 2011 to include boys.

The CDC estimates that increasing HPV vaccination rates from the current levels to 80% would prevent an additional 53,000 future cervical cancer cases among girls now aged 12 years or younger.

You can read our latest HPV position statement here.

In addition to prevention, improved screening tests have helped us diagnose sooner and fight cervical cancer more effectively. These tests can check for cervical cancer, the cell changes that lead to cervical cancer, or for the HPV infection.

The two most common screening tests are the cervical cytology test (Pap test) and the hrHPV test.  The current preferred method of screening for cervical cancer is with co-testing – collecting cervical cytology and HPV screening at the same time. We recommend co-testing because it can identify 70% of cervical cancers missed by screening with HPV alone.[3]

Recently, the U.S. Preventative Task Force came out with draft recommendations that could impact women’s access to co-testing. NPWH and many women’s health leaders are making our voices heard and trying to ensure women have access to the best health care information and services to live long, happy, and productive lives. Check back on our website for updates soon.

How can clinicians stay on the cutting edge of preventing, screening, and treating cervical cancer?

As the only national professional nurse practitioner organization focused on women’s health, NPWH provides professional continuing education for NPs and other clinicians caring for women. We presented an HPV vaccine update at our 2017 annual conference, and it can be accessed online now.

There are over 50 continuing education activities in our online E-Learning portal. Our mission is to ensure high quality health care to women by women’s health nurse practitioners and other nurse practitioners who focus on women’s health. We hope you will take advantage of our online resources or join us at our conferences this year!

[1] National Institutes of Health. NIH Fact Sheets: Cervical Cancer. https://www.report.nih.gov/nihfactsheets/viewfactsheet.aspx?csid=76). Updated March
29, 2013. Accessed December 18, 2017

[2] American Cancer Society. “What Are the Key Statistics About Cervical Cancer?” https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cervical-cancer/about/key-statistics.html. Updated January 5, 2017. Accessed December 18, 2017

[3] Blatt AJ, et al. Comparison of cervical cancer screening results among 256,648 women in multiple clinical practices. Cancer Cytopathol. 2015;123(5):282-288. doi:10.1002/cncy.21544. (Study included ThinPrep, SurePath, Hybrid Capture 2 Assay)

 

2017 and Beyond at NPWH

A Look Back at 2017

2017 turned out to be an important year for women – both in terms of facing threats that limit access to quality healthcare and opening up new dialogues about sexual harassment and assault. As the year winds down, I wanted to share some perspective on the work we have done and will continue to do to help WHNPs provide the highest quality care to patients and to serve as respected voices for meeting the needs of women.

NPWH and our members continued to shine a light on women’s health issues this year, especially those that are often overlooked or not well understood. We promoted women’s health at any age, women’s sexual health, care for transgender and gender-nonconforming patients, and so much more through education, clinician resources, and participating in coalitions with ally organizations.

Here are some of the accomplishments from 2017 we are most proud of and key opportunities for you to note for 2018:

  • We are working to ensure our clinicians are getting state-of-the-science knowledge and training by bringing together experts from around the country at our Annual Premier Women’s Healthcare Conference. This year, our 20th conference, was our largest to date. More than 700 of you joined us in Seattle for learning and networking.

    For those who couldn’t make it, you can click here to view the sessions and earn CE credit. Click here to hear from women who attended the conference.  We hope to see everyone at next year’s conference, October 10-13 in San Antonio.

  • We continued to fill the gap in post-education training on women’s sexual health at our Fourth Annual Women’s Sexual Health Course (WSHC) for NPs this past June in Baltimore. 200 NPs attended this important program and expanded their knowledge of evaluating, diagnosing, and managing Female Sexual Dysfunction.
    This program, along with the companion vulvoscopy workshop, regularly sells out – so be on the lookout for registration information for the Fifth Annual WSHC (being held June 7-10, 2018, in Phoenix, AZ) in early 2018. Curious about the WHSC? View highlights from 2017 here.
  • We kept our clinicians on the cutting edge of a variety of topics critical to women’s health and well-being. We partnered with Spire Learning to host the second annual Faces & Cases Seminar: Managing Women’s Healthcare Issues Across the Lifespan.
    This regional meeting was held in Dallas in November, and will be repeated in Atlanta (February 3), Chicago (March 10), and New York City (April 14). Registration information will be posted soon.
  • We published new position statements on human sex trafficking, hereditary breast and ovarian cancer risk assessment, HPV, and healthcare for  transgender and gender non-conforming individuals.

  • Our continuing education offerings expanded, giving clinicians a wealth of resources to stay current in practice. In addition to the aforementioned courses from the Annual Conference, we offered a free webinar series on preventing unintended teratogen exposure in in reproductive-aged women, a free newsletter series on cord blood banking, and several CE articles from Women’s Healthcare: A Clinical Journal for NPs.

    You can view all available courses here.

  • We continued to bring resources into the modern age and put them at our practitioner’s fingertips with our Well-Woman Visit mobile app. This year, we added sections on menopause and IBS assessment.

    Click here to download it on iOS devices and here for Android.

Looking forward to 2018

  • Women are living longer. We will not let our patients who have changing health needs as they age be pushed aside. To ensure their later years are healthy and happy, we will host the 2nd Healthy at Any Age Summit in the spring of 2018 and bring multiple organizations together to focus on the issues facing women as they age.
  • We will continue to represent WHNPs as active members of several coalitions and task forces, including the National Coalition for Sexual Health, Coalition for Women’s Health Equality, Council on Patient Safety in Women’s Healthcare, and the Women’s Preventive Services Initiative, among others. We will also continue to regularly attend Capitol Hill briefings to ensure the representation of WHNPs on key healthcare issues and keep your finger on the pulse of Washington. (You can view a list of Congressional letters we signed onto in 2017 here.)

We, and our members, are dedicated to having courageous conversations about women and all aspects of their health. In this era where women’s rights to quality healthcare is consistently under attack, we look forward to 2018 and continuing to build a future where women have equal access to the justice, respect, and healthcare they deserve. Thank you for your continued support of NPWH and women’s healthcare.

Best wishes for a happy and healthy 2018,

G Johnson

Gay Johnson

NPWH CEO

Genetic Testing and Hereditary Cancer: A Q & A with Kate McReynolds, APRN, MSc, MSN, ANP-BC, AGN-BC

Kate McReynolds is a Genetic Nurse Practitioner at Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville, Tennessee. She will be speaking at our upcoming 2nd Annual Faces and Cases in Women’s Health Conference.

What is genetic testing and why is it so important?

Genetic testing for cancer susceptibility is a vital tool that can identify women who are at significantly increased risk for cancer. Nurse practitioners play an important role in identifying women who would benefit from genetic testing, referring them to providers with expertise in cancer genetics for testing, and ordering enhanced screening if a mutation is identified. About 5 to 10 percent of most cancers are hereditary, and patients who have a mutation in a gene associated with a hereditary cancer syndrome have cancer risks that are often much higher than in the general population. For many of these syndromes, we can now test for mutations in specific genes.

Genetic test results can guide clinical management including decisions about risk reducing measures such as risk reducing surgery, and screening to find cancer as early as possible. Genetic testing results can also help a woman’s family members better understand their own cancer risks and plan accordingly.

Should everyone get genetic testing?

Because only a small percentage of cancers are hereditary, not all women are good candidates for genetic testing. These tests can be expensive and are generally recommended only for women who have personal and/or family histories with certain red flags that are concerning for a hereditary cancer syndrome.

Examples of features concerning for a hereditary cancer syndrome include cancer diagnosed before age 50, an individual with multiple primary tumors, cancer of the same type in more than one person on the same side of the family and in different generations, cancers that may be related in a syndrome, rare cancers (e.g. male breast cancer) and certain ethnicities.

What should NPs know about genetic testing and genetic mutations?

When I talk to Nurse Practitioners, my goal is to help them understand the significance of taking a good cancer family history and to familiarize them with the red flags in order for them to make appropriate referrals for genetic counseling and testing. It is important that they understand the cancer risks associated with some of the more common hereditary cancer syndromes and where to find the relevant clinical management guidelines. In addition to playing a key role in enhanced screening, it is also important that that NPs understand the psychosocial impact of finding out they, or a loved one, has a hereditary cancer syndrome.

2016 NPWH/Hologic Inspiration in Women’s Health Award Winners

Since 2006, the Inspiration in Women’s Health Award has been bestowed upon winners selected for their dedication, achievements, and contributions to women’s health care and advanced practice nursing. On September 29, at the 19th Annual NPWH Premier Women’s Healthcare Conference, the 2016 Inspiration in Women’s Health Awards were presented to four awardees who have made significant contributions in the areas of education, research, clinical practice, and policy. An expert committee of nurse practitioners selected a winner in each of these four categories. Read more about this year’s awardees below.

Sharon D. Baker, BSN, MN, CWHNP, CMP – Education
Sharon Baker has spent her entire career focused on women’s health. After graduating from Southern Illinois University, she moved to Atlanta to work at Grady Hospital’s labor and delivery unit. While in Atlanta, she earned her masters degree from Emory University in maternal child health and joined the faculty of Medical College of Virginia (MCV) teaching the maternity rotation for undergraduate students. She taught nurse practitioner students at MCV before returning to Georgia to teach maternity nursing at Emory University.

In 1990, she was the first nurse practitioner ever hired in Rome, Georgia. Around this time, she founded a non-profit organization, The Women’s Information Network, Inc. (WIN). The first WIN program focused on a comprehensive presentation of health issues at midlife and menopause. In 1999, the Governor of Georgia appointed Sharon to the Georgia Commission on Women (GCW). She has served as Chair of the Health Committee and been reappointed several times. She works on several committees and writes blog posts on health topics that are the focus of GCW.

Sharon has lectured for many community and state organizations, pharmaceutical companies, and developed and implemented many visionary programs. Sharon’s current project is developing a workshop on end of life issues that will be offered September 27, 2016.

Naomi Jay, RN, NP, PhD – Research
Dr. Naomi Jay developed the role of the nurse practitioner in the field of high-resolution anoscopy, has been a pioneer in anal dysplasia research, and is a leader in the education of providers in high-resolution anoscopy. Her work is innovative and unique. She wrote the seminal paper on transferring colposcopy skills to high-resolution anoscopy.

She currently serves on the boards of the American Society of Cervical Colposcopy and Pathology, Quan Yin Healing Arts, and is the vice president of the International Anal Neoplasia Society. She is the co-director of the ASCCP High Resolution Ansocopy Course, IANS Advanced HRA Course, and the American Society of Colorectal Surgeons HRA Course. The meticulous practice standards developed by Dr. Jay based on her knowledge of cervical colposcopy, are by and large responsible for what are considered the diagnostic standards of HRA today.

Jennifer Kurkowski, MSN, WHNP-BC – Clinical
Jennifer Kurkowski has had a positive impact on so many young females. She specializes in bleeding disorders in young women as well as the health care needs of female patients with lupus. Once a month, she runs a combined clinic with a hematologist where she sees patients with heavy menstrual bleeding and other diagnosed bleeding disorders, such as von Willebrand’s Disease. This clinic is critical in providing the best care possible for these patients as their conditions can be difficult to manage.

Jennifer provides education to patients on topics such as periods and sexual health. She attends a camp once a year for young girls with bleeding disorders, and she is involved in a lupus clinic where she sees girls with a new diagnosis of lupus to discuss contraceptive options and to provide counseling about teratogenic medications and future pregnancy risks. Jennifer has also precepted nurse practitioner students nearly every semester for the past 5 years.

Denise G. Link, PhD, WHNP-BC, CNE, FAAN, FAANP – Policy
Dr. Denise Link has made significant contributions to health care and policy as evidenced by the extensive political and legislative activities she has participated in throughout her career. Dr. Link has been at the forefront of Arizona’s policy issues since 2001. Prior to her relocation to Arizona, she was a leader in the 10 year effort to gain title recognition and full prescriptive authority for NPs and CNS in New Jersey by encouraging her nursing colleagues to speak out to legislators and to the public about the quality, safety, and effectiveness of nursing care. In 2013, as Governmental Affairs Officer, she was the spokesperson for nursing in a coalition led by then Governor Jan Brewer and the Arizona Nurses Association (AzNA) that intensely lobbied for Medicaid expansion in Arizona. A co-chair in the Arizona Action Coalition, she led the formation of the Arizona Coalition for APRN Consensus Model Legislation.

Dr. Link educates politicians and policy makers about the APRN role as a team leader and speaker at Lobby Day and Public Policy Day. She is the chair for the AzNA Public Policy Committee that reviews bills and makes recommendations for AzNA’s position. She is a member of the AzNA Political Action Committee (AzNA PAC), attending targeted PAC candidate fundraisers and conducting candidate interviews during the endorsement process.

Dr. Link is an infectious and tremendous leader in the political arena and inspires everyone around her to become more active in women’s health policy issues.


Do you know an NP who goes above and beyond in the classroom, in conducting research, in clinical practice, or in their advocacy efforts? If you do, consider nominating them for the 2017 Inspiration in Women’s Health Awards. Nomination information coming in early 2017. Please check www.npwh.org for details. 

Women’s Equality Day 2016

On August 26th, we celebrated Women’s Equality Day to commemorate the 19th Amendment, which gave women the right to vote. Women’s Equality Day reminds us of this important milestone in our history and how far we have come since then, as well as how far we have yet to go until women have true equality.

We know that women and men often present different symptoms for the same diseases and react differently to certain drugs, medical devices, and treatments. However, women consistently suffer when their bodies respond differently than men’s. Due to gender disparities in medicine – among research subjects, and in healthcare access and delivery – women remain at risk for misdiagnoses, ineffective treatments and compromised care.

As a leader in women’s healthcare, we work to improve women’s access to primary and specialty healthcare, increase women’s wellness and health outcomes, decrease health disparities affecting women, enhance women’s access to and knowledge of health resources, and protect and promote women’s rights to make choices regarding their health within the context of their personal beliefs.

We can change the inequities in women’s healthcare, by making our voices heard and encouraging others to join the conversation. Take a look at our social media pages to see how we made our voices heard regarding women’s health equity and Women’s Equality Day: NPWH Facebook page and NPWH Twitter account.

April is STI Awareness Month

According to the CDC, there are 20 million new STI cases in the U.S. every year. We know, as dedicated health care providers, you are working hard every day to turn 20 million new cases each year into 0 new cases by helping your patients work through their sexual health questions to make informed decisions, and by serving as a resource for STI prevention and treatment information. To support your efforts we have compiled a list of materials, educational activities, and office tools related to STI prevention, screening, and treatment.

NPWH Educational Activities

Office Tools

Additional Materials/Resources from NPWH and our partners

For additional information and resources, please visit www.npwh.org.